KnitPicks Summer Yarn Sale. Save up to 50%.

I have decided to provide all my content and knitting patterns for free. This means that my income comes from advertisements.

This webiste contains affiliate links meaning that if you buy something after clicking them I may earn a small commission. This does not result in any additional costs to you and the money I get from the yarn sales enables me to use my time to create free content for you. If you decide to purchase I’m really grateful for your support!

3 Ways to Make the Purl Stitch

There are two basic stitches in knitting: the knit stitch and the purl stitch. After you master these two stitches you can make many of the basic knitted fabrics such as stockinette, moss stitch and ribbing.

What’s the difference between a knit and a purl stitch?

The purl stitch is actually the opposite of the knit stitch meaning that if you knit a stitch and turn your work it’s a purl stitch on the other side.

To give you a concrete example let’s take a look at the stockinette stitch that is the basic knitted fabric in most commercial clothes. The side with knit stitches is called the right side (RS) and the side with purl stitches is called the wrong side (WS). You can make stockinette by knitting all the stitches on the right side and purling all the stitches on the wrong side. If you work in the round you have always the right side of the work facing you and that’s why you can just knit all the stitches. However, if you work your piece flat (back and forth) you need to purl all the wrong side rows and knit all the right side rows.

Purl stitch looks like a little bump.
On the wrong side of stockinette all stitches on that side are purl stitches. A purl stitch looks like a little bump.
On the right side of stockinette all stitches on that side are knit stitches. A knit stitch looks like a letter V.

The abbreviation for the purl stitch is p. For instance, p5 means purl 5 stitches.

The most commonly seen knitting symbols for a purl stitch are a square with black dot or horizontal line in the middle.

Two most commonly used symbols for purl stitches.

The three ways to make a purl stitch are listed below. The methods differ in 2 ways:

  • On which hand do you hold the working yarn.
  • Do you keep the working yarn in front or at the back of the work.

As a beginner which style should I learn?

For rows where you will purl all the stitches, I recommend you to use the continental style but if your stitch pattern is a combination of knit and purl stitches I recommend you to use the Norwegian style.

Use the English style only if the two other styles feel too difficult.

1. English Style

In English knitting (also known as right-hand knitting or throwing) you hold the yarn in your right hand and the stitches you are going to work next are in your left hand. In addition, you keep the yarn in front of the work.

If you are used to make the knit stitch this way it’s probably easiest to try to learn the purl stitch the same way as well. I have to mention though that this is probably the slowest way to purl.

2. Continental Style

This is the fastest way to purl if you need to purl all the stitches in a row. In the Continental style, you hold both the yarn and the stitches you are going to work next in your left hand. In addition, you keep the yarn in front of the work.

3. Norwegian Style

This is the style I have been taught at school here in Finland. Similar to the continental style you hold both the yarn and the needle with the stitches in your left hand but the difference is that you keep the yarn at the back of the work at all times.

I find the Norwegian purl the best technique when working ribbing and knit-and-purl stitch patterns because you don’t have to move the yarn constantly backwards and forwards. In my opinion, keeping the tension is also much easier with the Nowegian style than with the other knitting styles.

If you find purling slow and awkward I highly recommend you try the Norwegian purl before you decide to dislike purling.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

Knit Socks that last

I’ll send you my top 5 tips of how to make a durable pair of socks.