Sock knitting FAQ

How do I know what is the weight of my sock yarn?

The more meters there are per 3.5oz / 100g the thinner the yarn is.

Yarn weightYards / 3.5ozMeters / 100g
Fingering (thin)444-533400-480
DK (medium)267-333240-300
Aran (thick)133-267120-240

What size needles should I knit my socks with?

From the table below you can check the typical needle sizes that are used to knit socks. However, these sizes are only recommendations and you should change your needle size to obtain correct gauge. Scroll down to see the recommended gauges for sock knitting. If you are a loose knitter you should select a smaller needle size than if you are a tight knitter.

For instance I’m quite a loose knitter so I knit my fingering weight socks with US 0 (2mm) needles and gauge 32 sts / 4” (10cm), DK weight socks with US 1.5 (2.5mm) and gauge 28 sts / 4” (10cm) and Aran weight socks with US 2.5 (3mm) and gauge 21 sts / 4” (10cm).

Yarn weightUSmm
Fingering0-1.52-2.5
DK1.5-42.5-3.5
Aran2.5-63-4

What is a good gauge for sock knitting?

If you want to make a lasting sock your fabric needs to be dense enough. The gauge is however a matter of taste and you may also knit with looser gauge if you prefer softer fabric over more long lasting sock. Below you can find the most common gauges socks are knit with. The more there are stitches / 4” or 10cm the more durable the sock will be.

I knit my socks with gauges 32 sts (Fingering), 28 sts (DK) and sts 21 (Aran) / 4” (10cm).

Yarn weightStitches / 4” (10cm)
Fingering30-34
DK22-28
Aran20-22

How much yarn do I need to make a pair of socks?

Because a yarn ball usually weighs 50,100,150 or 200g, on the table below I have listed what amount of yarn is usually enough for a pair of basic mid-calf stockinette adult socks. If you are unsure whether you have enough yarn or not I recommend that you knit your socks from toe up because it is easier to adjust the length of the leg than the foot.

If you knit some specific pattern they usually specify the amount of yarn required for each size and you should buy yarn according to that number. Also remember that if you use some other stitch pattern such as cables you will usually need more yarn.

Yarn weightWomen’s socksMen’s socks
Fingering100g100g
DK100g150g
Aran100-150g150-200g

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